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Additional Learning Needs (ALN)

Your child may already have been identified as having special educational needs (SEN).

They may be receiving extra support in school, to help them in their learning, or they may have a statement of special educational need. The approach to supporting children who have difficulties with learning is changing. 

The Welsh Government has passed new legislation, called the Additional Learning Needs (Wales) Act, and Additional Learning Needs (ALN) Code, which will replace all of the legislation and guidance about special educational needs.

As part of the Additional Learning Needs Educational Tribunal (ALNET) (Wales) Act 2018 the Welsh Government has replaced the term ‘special educational needs’ (SEN) with ‘additional learning needs’ (ALN).

However, the definition of ALN is different and you may find that your child currently has SEN but will not have ALN.  This should not affect the support and help they receive in school to access learning.

ALN will cover those who:

  • have a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age

  • have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of the educational facilities generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream maintained school or Further Education Institution.

The Act introduces a clear duty on local authorities to support you as parent/carers and your child to contribute to the planning for additional learning needs.

Update from Welsh Assembly Government on September 2022:

The implementation of the ALN system will be sequenced. This means, for those children who are or are newly identified as having additional learning needs, (that is, those without already identified special educational needs (SEN), or are not awaiting or undergoing an SEN assessment), will still move immediately to the new ALN system. However, for children already identified needs either at School Action or School Action Plus the new system will apply as follows:

  • School Year 2022-2023: Nursery, Years 1 and 2, Reception, Year 2, Year 4, Year 6, Year 8, Year 10, and Year 11
  • School Year 2023-2024: Nursery, Year 1 and 2, Year 2, Year 4, Year 6, Year 8 and Year 10

Children or their parents can ask that they move to the ALN system earlier than planned by requesting the school to issue an IDP notice. Schools can then issue an IDP notice or no IDP notice.

Resources for Parent/Carers and those supporting children with ALN

A booklet is available to you in order to explain the new legislation, and how this will change the way that we will work with you to identify and support your child’s needs.

Guidance Booklet for Parents/Carers - English / Welsh

Implementing, the additional learning needs - guide for parents and families

Written Statement: ALN Reform in Wales September 2022

Getting support:

1. Speak to your child’s teacher - If you think that your child has Additional Learning Needs (ALN) talk to your child’s teacher first or our ALN Coordinator (ALNCo) who is Mrs Galluzzo. For further details and information, please watch the video guide.

2. Create an Individual Development Plan (IDP) together - If we agree with you that your child has ALN, we will work with you and your child to create an IDP.

3. Discuss any concerns with the us or local authority - If we do not agree that your child has ALN, or you are dissatisfied with your child’s IDP, discuss it with the us or the local authority.

4. You can have access to an advocate - If the local authority agrees with us but you are still unhappy, they can point you to independent advocacy services.

5. You have a right to appeal - All children and young people and their parents or carers have the right to appeal against decisions to the Education Tribunal of Wales (ETW).


Resources for children

Struggling in school?

If you find it harder to learn something, we can give you extra help. 

Do you understand what the teacher is asking?
Wyt ti'n deall yr hyn mae'r athro yn gofyn?

Not happy with the support you are getting at school?
Anhapus gyda'r gefnogaeth rwyt ti'n ei gael yn yr ysgol?

The Special Education Needs Tribunal for Wales (SENTW) can help. 

Sounds serious? Don't worry. SENTW is a group of people who meet to decide what support you should be getting to help you learn. 

It is a place for you to have your say if you feel things are unfair.

Can someone come with me? You'll have a case friend who will prepare you for the meeting, and you can take someone with you for support on the day. 

Getting support - A step-by-step guide
Derbyn cefnogaeth - canllaw cam wrth gam

Please click on the links below to show the IDP process.

School ALN Process
IDP Review Map
Referral to LA for IDP Reconsideration for change of Placement (7 weeks)

ALN and Dispute Resolution

In the Vale of Glamorgan we are always keen to try to address any concerns, worries or issues as soon as possible, and this should be done by raising any issues with us, as a school, in the first instance. As far back as the draft ALN Code (2017) principles for good practice in the avoidance and early resolution of disagreements around Additional Learning Needs. (WG, 2017. pp. 169) were identified.

These good practice principles are:

  • Support to ensure parents can attend and contribute to meetings

  • Ensure communication is inclusive and sensitive so parents feel like equal partners open questioning in meetings so concerns and misunderstandings are dealt with early on

  • Face to face meetings to plan the way forward

  • All parties have the same information from the same trusted source

  • Timely and consistent communication so trust is built

  • Positive, open and constructive dialogue

  • Explanation of the legislation underpinning decisions and signposting to further information

  • Decisions are properly explained in inclusive language to parent and child / Young Person

  • Supporting the examination of the IDP so decisions are transparent and all evidence has been considered

We have staff trained in dispute resolution strategies to support this process.

A short film produced by the Welsh Government providing an overview of the avoiding disagreement and early dispute resolution aspect of the ALN Bill now Act can be found at or click the link below.

Avoiding disagreements and earlier dispute resolution - YouTube

Following these strategies should help parents and school work together in a mutually supportive and honest partnership, with the child at the centre to disuses and resolve any issues.

Parents can seek further advice from

SNAP Cymru provides information, advice and support for parents, children and young people who have, or may have, Additional Learning Needs or disabilities

SNAP Cymru provide the following impartial, confidential and free services:

  • Helpline Information, Advice and Support

  • Specialist Casework

  • Discrimination Advice and Casework

  • Independent Specialist ALN Advocacy

  • Disagreement Resolution

Children, young people or parents can contact  SNAP Cymru on:

To request a dispute resolution service

email:   or for more information on dispute resolution see


The Index for Children and Young People with Disabilities or Additional Needs

The Index is for families who have children age 0-18 years, who have a disability or additional need and live in the Vale of Glamorgan.

It’s a way of us keeping families informed about what’s available locally and nationally.

You’ll receive a newsletter every three months, packed full with information about events, activities, playschemes and services, as well as regular ebulletins. You can also contact us directly with any questions you have.

Sign up is free and completely voluntary and you don’t need to have a diagnosed disability.

There is more information on our web pages, as well as a quick video and an online registration form: The Index 

The Index video: English / Welsh 


More information can be found on the ALN section of the Vale of Glamorgan's website at: